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History of Cricket in India

History of Cricket

HISTORY OF CRICKET IN INDIA

How did cricket get to be popular as India’s national sport? This article will cover the history of cricket in India, its roots, the triumphs of the national team, well-known Indian players, and famous Indian cricket captains.

Cricket and India have a pure bond that is impossible to put into words. In India, cricket is the most popular and successful sport. The history of cricket in India over the course of the game’s history is evident.

Indian cricket’s history reveals that, despite the British government’s efforts to promote the sport there, it maintained its popularity over time.

The game was first played in India by the British government, but the history of Indian cricket shows that interest in the sport grew through time. In India, cricket is increasingly regarded as a prominent sport. Cricket in India is viewed as a religion. There are no conclusive explanations regarding the origin of cricket in India. 

Still, as the British dominated the country for more than 200 years, the sport can be considered a legacy of their dominion. It took the game over 400 years to reach India. In the 17th Century, the British introduced this game to India. In India, the first-ever game of cricket was played in the year 1721. With the founding of the “Oriental Cricket Club” in 1848, this foreign sport gained widespread acceptance among the Parsi population.

India began playing cricket in 1721, but only on an unofficial basis. In 1932, India was given formal test status. From June 25 to June 28, 1932, they faced off against England at Lords in London in their first-ever test cricket match. C.K. led India at the time. 

Those were the days, Nayuduat. India, long considered a weak squad in the cricketing circuit, has changed since the 1950s and is now a formidable power to be reckoned with.

History of Cricket: First Indian Cricket Club

In that year, the Parsee Oriental Cricket Club, the country’s first cricket club, was established. Their inaugural game was held in Bombay (Mumbai). The adventure of Indian cricket started from this point. This Mumbai cricket club first sparked the interest of Indians in cricket. The Parsis and Europeans played their first official cricket match in 1877 AD. People in this country did not embrace the game until the late 19th Century.

History of Cricket in 20th Century

Within a brief period of time after its introduction, cricket began to gain popularity among Indians. In the history of Indian cricket, the middle and latter half of the 19th Century was significant since they saw the game expand into practically all regions of the country.

In 1932, the first Test Match took place. Even though India didn’t have a national cricket team in the early 1900s, several of the best Indian cricketers of the time played for England. The two most notable among them were Duleep Singhji and Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

History of Cricket in the 1950s
When India defeated its archrival and fellow Pakistan in a test match series in 1952, it scratched a significant turning point in India’s cricket history. Some of the finest Indian cricketers, like Polly Umrigar, Vijay Manjrekar, and S.M., performed magnificently and exceptionally during the series. Gupte.

History of Cricket in the 1960s

The Indian cricket team became a potent force on home soil in the 1960s. Additionally, during this decade, the Indian team began to perform well abroad. 

When India overcame New Zealand and held nations like Pakistan, England, and Australia to draw during that time, it was clear that India had excelled at home. 

Some of the most gifted Indian cricket players, including Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, Dilip Sardesai, Hanumant Singh, Chandu Borde, and E.A.S. Prasanna, rose to prominence in the 1960s.

History of Cricket in the 1970s

The 1970s are regarded as the pinnacle of Indian cricket because of the spin quartet of Bishen Singh Bedi, Erapalli Prasanna, B.S. Chandrasekhar, and Srinivas Venkataraghavan. In addition to the spinners, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Vishwanath, two of India’s best-ever batsmen, rose to prominence during the 1970s. 

All of these outstanding cricketers from India made an impact on the international stage and made a significant contribution to the triumph of the Indian team. In 1971, India successfully won back-to-back Test series in the West Indies and England. Ajit Wadekar served as the team’s captain for both contests.

History of Cricket in the 1980s

India’s batting lineup changed during the 1980s, becoming more attack-oriented thanks in large part to the stroke-makers Mohammed Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar, and all-rounder Ravi Shastri. In the final, India defeated West Indies to win the 1983 Cricket World Cup. India won the Asia Cup in 1984 and the World Cricket Championship in Australia in 1985. 

Aside from this, India continued to be a relatively weak team outside of the Indian subcontinent, aside from this. Sunil Gavaskar and Kapil Dev were at the height of their fame in the 1980s. Sunil Gavaskar was the first person to accumulate 10,000 runs and set a Test record with 34 hundred. Later, with 434 wickets, Kapil Dev broke the record for most wickets in a Test match.

History of Cricket in the 1990s

The Indian Cricket squad was improved by the arrival of Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble to the national team in 1989 and 1990, respectively. The following year, India’s quickest bowler since Amar Singh, Javagal Srinath, made his debut. Rahul Dravid and Saurav Ganguly made their debuts at Lord’s in the same Test. 

Saurav Ganguly was named the new captain after Sachin Tendulkar resigned, saying he would never again lead the team. The squad was further harmed in 2000 when former captain Mohammad Azharuddin and fellow batsman Ajay Jadeja was found guilty of match-fixing and given life sentences.

History of Cricket in the 2000s

With the hiring of John Wright as India’s first-ever foreign coach, the Indian squad has seen significant gains since 2000. After defeating Australia in a Test series in 2001, India kept up its undefeated home record against that nation. 

The series became famous after the Kolkata Test, in which India became just the third team in Test match cricket history to win a Test match after advancing.

After defeating the Australians in 2001, India’s skipper, Saurav Ganguly, led his team on a winning streak that included victories in Test matches against Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and England. India’s highest ODI run-chase at Lord’s, 325 runs, was in the Natwest ODI Series final versus England during the England series. 

India and Sri Lanka shared the I.C.C. Champions Trophy that year. They then traveled to South Africa for the 2003 Cricket World Cup, where they made it to the final but lost to Australia.

Following the series, Greg Chappell replaced John Wright as the head coach of the Indian cricket team, whose coaching strategies proved to be divisive at first. 

As a result of the rift between Chappell and Ganguly, Rahul Dravid was appointed captain as a result of the tension. The team’s fortunes turned around once players like Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Suresh Raina, Irfan Pathan, and Yuvraj Singh came into their own.

Cricket Tournaments Held Locally

From its modest political beginnings, cricket in India has come a long way. Since the XIX century, it has grown into a national sport with a number of competitions.

The Vijay Hazare Trophy, the Duleep Trophy, the Ranji Trophy, the Deodhar Trophy, the Irani Trophy, the NPK Salve Challenger Trophy, and others are among the domestic events.

However, the Indian Premier League (IPL) is the authentic cricket in India.

The IPL is home to some of the greatest players in the sport and is widely regarded as the best T20 cricket league in the world.

The top players have smashed numerous cricket records in this league, which is also the biggest in the world.

This is the reason India has constructed some of the most beautiful cricket stadiums in the world, such as Eden Gardens and the amazing 110,000-seat Sardar Patel Stadium.

The ODI History

India played England in their inaugural One Day International at Leeds, 42 years after their first Test match. India batted first and gave England a goal of 266 runs, which they chased down with 6 wickets lost. India defeated East Africa in their opening ODI match of the I.C.C. World Cup. East Africa set a 121-run target, which was chased by the Srinivas Venkataraghavan-led team.

India defeated England in Jalandhar on December 20, 1981, and that victory was their first in an ODI on home soil. They had six wickets in hand. By conquering England in the third and final ODI of the series, India also achieved their first ODI series victory.

The entire country went berserk when India won the I.C.C. World Cup in 1983. India became the 2nd team to win the World Cup after defeating the two-time champion West Indies in the championship game. India scored 183 runs in their first inning while batting first. 

Indian bowlers put up an outstanding performance to limit the powerful Caribbean team to 140. In the final, Mohinder Amarnath went 3 for 12 and was named man of the match. The following year, they defeated Pakistan in the World Championship of Cricket final with an eight-wicket victory.

  • In the 2011 World Cup, the MS Dhoni-led Indian squad replicated its 1983 triumph. India won their second World Cup by defeating Sri Lanka, who are neighbors, by six wickets.
  • On March 16, 2012, Indian legend Sachin Tendulkar scored 100 international hundreds, becoming the first and only player to do so.
  • In 2013, India also captured their second I.C.C. Champions Trophy.
    In the final, they narrowly defeated the hosts, England, by 5 runs.
  • In November 2013, Rohit Sharma broke the previous record for scoring the most runs in a single inning by smashing 264 runs off 173 balls against Sri Lanka.

Both the I.C.C. World Cups in 2015 and 2019 saw India reach the semifinals, but they fell to Australia and New Zealand, respectively. They are currently preparing to host the I.C.C. World Cup in 2023.

India has 518 wins, 427 defeats, and 9 draws in 995 ODIs.

T20I History

The format of the history of cricket has changed over the years, and on December 1, 2006, India played its first T20I match against South Africa in Johannesburg. For their maiden victory in the new format, they successfully chased down the 127 runs set by the hosts while losing only 4 wickets. 

Before the 2007 ICC-hosted inaugural T20I World Cup, this was there on M.S. Dhoni commanded a brand new side by M.S. Dhoni. 

After the match ended in a stalemate, they defeated Pakistan in a bowl. India lost to New Zealand in their maiden T20I match. In the thirteenth match of the T20I World Cup, New Zealand defeated India by 10 runs. Unfortunately, India’s World Cup run was unaffected by this. To win the first T20I World Cup, the squad defeated Pakistan by 5 runs in the finals.

As the T20 format gained popularity, the BCCI established the Indian Premier League, a professional T20 cricket league including eight Indian cities that compete by selecting players in auctions. 

The league, now in its fourteenth successful season, The Mumbai Indians, an I.P.L. team with five championships, are the most successful.

Many Indian players from the grassroots level, such as Jaspreet Bumrah, Hardik Pandya, Krunal Pandya, and Suryakumar Yadav, were given the opportunity to play for India shortly after the I.P.L. began.

India’s lowest T20I total, 74 runs, was against Australia on February 1, 2009. With more people being aware of T20Is, India struggled to deliver a solid performance in T20Is. Despite making it to the 2014 World Cup final, they were defeated by Sri Lanka by six wickets. 

India’s T20I progress right now is inconsistent. Despite breaking individual records, the Indian team hasn’t taken home an I.C.C. championship since 2007.

Virat Kohli, the captain of India in 20-over matches, has scored the most runs. In 84 innings, he has scored 3159 runs, averaging 52.65 runs per inning. On the other hand, Rohit Sharma leads all T20I players with 4 hundreds. 

Yuvraj Singh owns the record for the fastest fifty and six sixes in an over (in 12 balls). With 6 wickets for 7 runs, Deepak Chahar has the best bowling statistics in the entire world.

International Twenty20 Tournaments held in India

The most recent Test side to play Twenty20 cricket was India, who played and won its inaugural Twenty20 International in South Africa in December 2006. Mahendra Singh Dhoni took over as captain of the Twenty20 and ODI teams after Rahul Dravid resigned as leader of the squad following India’s victory in the Test series against England in August 2007. 

It defeated Pakistan in an exciting final to win the inaugural Twenty20 World Cup in South Africa in September 2007.

India at the 2011 World Cup

After a long drought dating back to 1983, India won the Cricket World Cup in 2011, with Gary Kristen serving as their head coach. Mahendra Singh Dhoni served as captain, and Yuvraj Singh was named the tournament’s most outstanding player. In the championship game, which was held in Mumbai, the Indian team defeated Sri Lanka by six wickets. It appears that India became the first nation to win the competition on home grounds.

Beginning on September 22, 2016, India faced New Zealand in its 500th Test match at Kanpur. India scored 197 runs to win this game. Virat Kohli served as the Test’s captain during play.

Famous Indian Cricketers

Given that cricket is the most well-known and widely-followed sport in India, it is understandable why the nation has produced so many exceptional players over the years.

Sachin Tendulkar is the most notable name on the list. Tendulkar frequently referred to as the “God of Cricket,” is one of the greatest and best batsmen in the history of the sport.

Among other achievements, he is the first cricketer in history to have 100 international hundreds.

Kapil Dev is another well-known name on this list. In 1983, he helped India win its first World Cup, and in 2010, he was rightfully inducted into the I.C.C. Cricket Hall of Fame.

M.S. Dhoni is another name that merits consideration. Thanks to his unusual personality and unique batting style, he is a legendary cricket player in India and worldwide.

M.S. Dhoni, one of the best and most outstanding cricketers India has ever produced, has guided the Indian national team to several victories.

Others who have significantly impacted Indian cricket include Rahul Dravid, Yuvraj Singh, and current captain Virat Kohli.

The long list of well-known cricketers from India indicates how highly the nation regards the sport.

The Top Indian Cricket Captains

Over the years, controversy has plagued Indian cricket, which has experienced many turbulent moments. Even though India has produced a wide variety of talents, great captains have been hard to come by in the country.

Here are the top 5 most successful Indian cricket captains in the History of cricket.

Take note that this list is not ranked!

1. Rahul Dravid
Career: 1996 – 2012

Rahul Dravid, known as “The Wall,” has a reputation for having superb batting techniques and for being one of India’s most reliable batsmen.

History of Cricket
Rahul Dravid was praised highly for his steadfast leadership, which enabled him to lead the Indian team to a number of notable victories, particularly in the test series.

2. Mohammad Azharuddin
Career: 1984 – 2000

One of the best and most successful Indian cricket captains was Mohammad Azharuddin. However, the only thing that most people recall about him is the disputed suspension he received from the sport due to match-fixing.

The Indian cricket team put up multiple standout performances under Azharuddin’s leadership, winning 90 ODI games and 14 test series. In actuality, Sourav Ganguly, the cricket captain who has 21 test victories to his credit, bested him with 14 triumphs.

3. Kapil Dev
Career: 1978 – 1994

Undoubtedly, the greatest cricket player in Indian history is Kapil Dev. 

He made history by being the first cricket captain to lead the Indian team to victory in the historic 1983 Cricket World Cup.

 

History of Cricket
Kapil Dev was also named the Indian Cricketer of the Century by Wisden in 2002. Sunil Gavaskar, a fellow cricketer, and a former captain, also lauded Kapil Dev and referred to him as one of India’s finest all-around cricketers.

4. Sourav Ganguly
Career: 1992 – 2008

Who could ever miss our beloved Dada, who was unquestionably among the greatest cricket players to have captained the Indian team? Sourav Ganguly has an impressive track record of success, having led his team to 21 test victories and 76 ODI victories.

Ganguly earned the nickname “The God of the Offside” because of his prowess as a left-handed batsman who played the offside.

5. Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Career: 2004 – 2019

Mahendra Singh Dhoni is considered as one of the best cricket players and captains in the country, and that reputation is well-earned.

Mahi Dhoni, as he is affectionately known, led the Indian cricket team to three ICC titles. 

History of Cricket

He also served as the Chennai Super Kings’ longtime captain during the IPL season.

Dhoni remains the overwhelming favorite as the majority of Indian gaming organizations continue to provide extremely high odds on his performance during the IPL.

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